Briefe aus der Frühromantik

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2 September 1763 Caroline Albertine Dorothea Michaelis born in Göttingen

1765 Michaelis family moves into the house at what is today Prinzenstrasse 21

1764 back to top

24 October 1764 Brendel Mendelssohn born in Berlin

1765 back to top

1766 back to top

17 October 1766 Charlotte (Lotte) Wilhelmine Michaelis born in Göttingen

1767 back to top

8 September 1767 August Wilhelm Schlegel born in Hannover

1768 back to top

15 August 1768 Gottfried Philipp Michaelis born in Göttingen

21 November 1768 Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher born in Breslau

1769 back to top

1770 back to top

12 September 1770 Luise Friederike Michaelis born in Göttingen

1771 back to top

1772 back to top

10 March 1772 Friedrich Schlegel born in Hannover

2 May 1772 Friedrich von Hardenberg born in Oberwiederstedt

1773 back to top

31 May 1773 Ludwig Tieck born in Berlin

1774 back to top

Easter 1774 Caroline begins her time at the boarding school of Sarah Elisabeth Schläger in Gotha (according to Luise Wiedemann in her memoirs, Caroline left for Gotha when she, Caroline, was fourteen, i.e., in 1777 [or 1776?], though Luise herself acknowledges in those memoirs that her memory was at that time not the best)

1775 back to top

27 January 1775 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling born in Leonberg

28 February 1775 Sophie Tieck born in Berlin

1776 back to top

1777 back to top

Summer 1777 (?) Johann Friedrich Blumenbach courts Caroline; a year later, the relationship has ended

1778 back to top

1778 Caroline visits Gotha, overjoyed “when I saw the towers of Gotha for the first time again in my 15th year”

1779 back to top

1780 back to top

30 March 1780 Caroline’s school friend Luise Stieler marries Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter in Gotha

Late 1780 Lotte Michaelis sent to attend Madam Schläger’s boarding school in Gotha to remove her from Pedro Hockel in Göttingen; meets August Kotzebue in Gotha; Caroline and Madam Michaelis accompany her to Gotha

1781 back to top

December 1781 Pedro Hockel leaves Göttingen

1782 back to top

17 April 1782 Lotte Michaelis returns to Göttingen from Gotha

1782 Franz Wilhelm Böhmer becomes head of the Surgical and Hospital Clinic in Göttingen

October 1782 (uncertain) Caroline becomes engaged to Franz Wilhelm Böhmer

1783 back to top

27 February 1783, Friedrich Johann Lorenz Meier, Friederike Böhmer, Caroline, Lotte Michaelis, and the Göttingen students Peter August Friedrich Koskull, Karl Friedrich Gebhard Schulenburg, Piter Poel, and a certain Frankenberg take a walk to Kerstlingeröderfeld near Göttingen. Caroline, Lotte, and Frankenberg go “into an open barn where there is lots of hay lying around, and there, as Koskull related, they cavorted in an indecent manner. Koskull went over and closed the door and blocked it with a big piece of wood.” The following day, the other students apply a decidedly risqué folk tune to the escapade.

3 April 1783 Brendel Mendelssohn marries Simon Veit in Berlin

September 1783 Goethe visits Göttingen; Caroline misses his visit at her family’s house

1784 back to top

7 February 1784 Franz Wilhelm Böhmer becomes town and mining physician in Clausthal; oath of office on 21 February

3/4 May 1784 Christian Friedrich (Fritz) Michaelis returns to Göttingen from America and Great Britain, Caroline is deliriously happy at his return

14 May 1784 Caroline, her brother Fritz Michaeis, Wilhelmine Less, and others (?) journey from Göttingen to Northeim to meet with Franz Wilhelm Böhmer, who comes in from Clausthal

1784 Christian Friedrich (Fritz) Michaelis succeeds Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring as professor of medicine at the Collegium Carolinum in Kassel, while Sömmerring goes to Mainz

Sunday, 13 June 1784 Franz Wilhelm Böhmer arrives in Göttingen for the wedding

Tuesday, 15 June 1784 Caroline marries Franz Böhmer in Göttingen (Caroline’s first marriage); brings an 800 Thaler dowry into the marriage

Saturday, 19 June 1784 August Ludwig Schlözer gives a ball in honor of the newlyweds

Monday, 21 June 1784, noon, Caroline and Franz Wilhelm Böhmer leave Göttingen for Clausthal, spend the night in Osterode

Tuesday, 22 June 1784, 6:00 pm, arrival in Clausthal

1784 (dates uncertain) Friederike Böhmer spends four weeks with Caroline in Clausthal

Autumn 1784 Luise Michaelis begins attending Madam Schläger’s boarding school in Gotha

1785 back to top

Early 1785 August von Kotzebue possibly sees Lotte Michaelis in Göttingen

April 1785 Charlotte Michaelis in Clausthal for Auguste’s birth

28 April 1785 Philippina Augusta (Auguste) Böhmer (Caroline’s first daughter) born in Clausthal

May 1785 Caroline’s parents in Clausthal after Auguste’s birth

13 May 1785 Auguste baptized; her two grandmothers are her godparents

Spring 1785 Friedrich Johann Lorenz Meyer and his wife, Friederike, née Böhmer, visit Caroline in Clausthal

Summer 1785 Caroline’s excursions likely include Gittelde near Clausthal, where she visits her mother-in-law Henriette Philippine Elisabeth Böhmer, the latter’s daughter Louise, and Louise’s fiancé G.J.F. Meister

16 July 1785 Caroline and Auguste, accompanied by her mother-in-law Henriette Philippine Elisabeth Böhmer, arrive in Göttingen for the first visit since Caroline’s wedding; they travel by way of Katlenburg and the “fairy castle” (so Caroline) of magistrate Johann Arnold Wilhelm Reinbold, an uncle of Caroline’s mother

25 August 1785, 10:45 p.m., Caroline and Auguste arrive back in Clausthal from their visit in Göttingen

19 September 1785 Caroline’s godson, Gustav Gotter, dies in Gotha

10 October 1785 Marianne Heyne arrives to spend a month visiting Caroline in Clausthal; Johann Friedrich Blumenbach picks her up there on 7 November, remains a day in Clausthal for a visit

Early November 1785 Family of Christian Emmerich Stisser moves in with Caroline and her husband in Clausthal before leaving the town after thirty-eight years there

7 November 1785 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach picks up Marianne Heyne in Clausthal to take her back to Göttingen, spends a day with Caroline and Franz Wilhelm Böhmer

13 November 1785 Family of Christian Emmerich Stisser leaves Clausthal and thus moves out of Caroline’s own house; the father seems to have sent his family on the Katlenburg and then was himself the final member to leave

1786 back to top

Easter 1786 Dorothea Schlözer travels to the Harz Mountains with her father; studies mining and tours the mines

Easter 1786 Christian Friedrich (Fritz) Michaelis appointed professor of medicine in Marburg

3 May 1786 Wilhelm Schlegel matriculates at the university in Göttingen

Summer 1786 Luise Michaelis returns to Göttingen after attending Madam Schläger’s boarding school in Gotha since autumn 1784

14 July—21 August 1786 Dorothea Schlözer, without her father, in Clausthal for mineralogical studies, staying at the home of Superintendent Georg Christoph Dahme

1786/87 Caroline hosts dinners at her house in Clausthal

1787 back to top

23 April 1787 Sophie Therese (Röschen) Böhmer (Caroline’s second daughter) born in Clausthal; Luise Michaelis in Clausthal for the birth

13 May 1787 Röschen baptized; Sarah Elizabeth Schläger from Gotha, a relative on her father’s side in Halle, and her two grandfathers are her godparents

5 September 1787 Johann David Michaelis granted the title of privy Justizrath

September 1787 Therese Forster returns to Göttingen with Georg Forster from Vilnius

Ca. autumn 1787 Caroline visits Göttingen

Christmas 1787 Fritz Michaelis in Clausthal; Georg Heinrich and Charlotte (née Böhmer) Nieper visit for Christmas as well

1788 back to top

4 February 1788 Franz Böhmer dies in Clausthal; Caroline’s mother and Superintendent Christian Julius Luther travel from Göttingen to Clausthal to bring her back to Göttingen

June 1788 Franz Böhmer’s medical library auctioned off in Göttingen

20 July 1788 Johann Franz Wilhelm Böhmer (Caroline’s first son) born in Göttingen; godparents include Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich von Trebra and Fritz Michaelis; dies presumably in September or October

Autumn 1788 at latest, Caroline leaves Clausthal for Göttingen for the last time; draws widow’s pension (presumably a quarter of Böhmer’s salary)

1789 back to top

Between 12 April (Easter ) and 31 May (Whitsun) 1789 (likely closer to the latter) Caroline, Auguste, and Therese (and Lotte? Luise Wiedemann, née Michaelis, recounts that Lotte did not follow for a visit until the following winter) depart Göttingen for Marburg, where they move in with Caroline’s brother Christian Friedrich (Fritz)

1789 after Sophie von La Roche has tea with her, Caroline joins Philipp Michaelis and Johann Heinrich Christian Selchow and his wife in Ockershausen, just outside Marburg, at a “small souper” at the home of Madam von Malsburg

Autumn 1789 (?) Lotte Michaelis joins Caroline in Marburg, returns to Göttingen later but is then back in Marburg in December

17 December 1789 Therese (Röschen) Böhmer dies in Marburg

1790 back to top

April, May, or June (“spring”) 1790 Caroline, Auguste, and Lotte visit Therese and Georg Forster in Mainz (Lotte seems already to have been in Marburg by mid-March according to Georg Tatter [cf. letter 89])

Spring (late?) 1790 Caroline and Auguste return to Marburg

15 August 1790 Caroline participates in a communal outing to the Frauenberg, south of Marburg

Unspecified time in Marburg: according to Luise Wiedemann, Caroline receives “a marriage proposal from Frau (Fräulein?) von Malzburg’s (Malsburg’s) brother, Herr von Breitenstein”

Summer, autumn 1790 Lotte remains in Mainz, has an aventure (Caroline) with Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring.

Early October 1790 Lotte possibly returns to Göttingen from Mainz with Johann Heinrich Grätzel, a neighbor of the Michaelis family in Göttingen (prompted by Therese Huber?).

30 November 1790 August von Kotzebue arrives in Mainz, leaves ten days later for Paris; apparently had planned to rekindle his romance with Lotte Michaelis on returning to Mainz in January 1791

30 December 1790 Philipp Michaelis receives his Dr. med. in Göttingen

1791 back to top

Before 12 January 1791 (possibly October 1790) Lotte returns to Göttingen

February 1791 at latest, Lotte Michaelis definitely back in Göttingen

Late May 1791 Wilhelm Schlegel moves to Amsterdam to accept a position as tutor in the family of the Banker Henry Muilman

Late July 1791 (apparently esp. 29, 30 July) an otherwise unspecified but apparently extremely stressful event takes place in Caroline’s immediate circumstances in Marburg, prompting her to leave; she has possibly already decided about eventually moving to Mainz

22 August 1791 Johann David Michaelis dies in Göttingen; Caroline back in Göttingen before he dies

Before late October 1791 Caroline and Luise Michaelis visit Gotha, where Josias Friedrich Löffler courts Caroline; Caroline becomes acquainted with Anna Caroline Ettinger, née Seidler, and Amalie Reichard, née Seidler

Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter woos Caroline on behalf of Josias Friedrich Löffler; Mother Schläger also tries to persuade Caroline to accept his hand; Caroline vacillates, then declines and leaves Gotha

December 1791 Caroline definite about moving to Mainz

1792 back to top

Late February 1792 Caroline and Auguste arrive in Mainz; in late July Caroline writes that her residence is located on the Welsche Nonnen Gasse; this residence, the Reidt house, is near the church of St. Emmeran, five minutes from the house of Georg and Therese Forster

21 April 1792 Therese Forster gives birth to her fourth child, Georg, who dies on 23 or 24 July

3 June 1792 Lotte Michaelis marries Heinrich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Dieterich

July 1792 H. A. O. Reichard and his wife, Amalie, née Seidler, visit Mainz and the Forsters; Caroline also socializes with them and is enthusiastic about Amalie Reichard

23/24 July 1792 the infant son of Therese and Georg Forster, Johann George Karl Forster, dies in Mainz; Ludwig Ferdinand Huber, however, was presumably the father (Huber had been living with the Forsters since December 1790)

4 August 1792 Georg Ernst Tatter sees Lotte Dietrich, née Michaelis, for the last time in Göttingen

21 August 1792 Goethe visits Georg and Therese Forster in Mainz, encounters Caroline there as well.

Ca. 20 September 1792 Georg Ernst Tatter travels to Mainz to visit Caroline

Ca. 28 September 1792 Tatter leaves Mainz for Italy

Early October 1792 Caroline takes in Meta Forkel as a housemate

21 October 1792 French occupy Mainz under General Adam Philippe de Custine

7 November 1792 Georg Forster joins the Jacobin Club in Mainz

November 1792 Caroline seems to have suffered from a case of gout

7 December 1792 Therese Forster leaves Mainz with her daughters, Therese and Claire, and goes to Strasbourg under Ludwig Ferdinand Huber’s protection

1793 back to top

early 1793 the French state newspaper Moniteur reports that Caroline is Georg Forster’s “[romantic] lady friend”

January 1793 Caroline mentions plans to leave Mainz in a letter to Luise Gotter

February 1793 Caroline becomes pregnant by the French lieutenant Jean-Baptiste Dubois de Crancé, adjutant to his uncle, the Mainz commandant General François Ignace d’Oyré

March 1793 Caroline apparently suffers so severely from gout that it prevents her from leaving Mainz

17 March 1793 Mainz declared a republic

25 March 1793 Georg Forster leaves Mainz, goes to Paris (arrives 29 March)

27 March 1793, 8:00 p.m., Lotte Dieterich, née Michaelis, gives birth in Göttingen to Charlotte Dieterich amid considerable complications and questionable birthing methods on the part of those attending her

30 March 1793 Caroline and Auguste leave Mainz with Frau von Esebeck, Meta Forkel, the latter’s mother, Sophia Magdalena Wedekind, and four children, heading south toward Mannheim trying to get to Gotha

Caroline and her traveling companions forced to turn around in Oppenheim, then detained in Hattersheim and taken under guard to Frankfurt, where they spend three days under house arrest

2 April 1793 Lotte Dieterich née Michaelis dies in Göttingen; Caroline and Meta Forkel arrested

3 April 1793 Lotte Dieterich autopsied

6 April 1793 Lotte Dieterich buried in Göttingen

8 April 1793 Caroline and Meta Forkel taken to the fortress Königstein and incarcerated; Johann Heinrich Liebeskind travels in the carriage from Frankfurt to Königstein with Meta Forkel

15 April 1793 Wilhelmine Luise Wedekind also arrested

late spring, early summer 1793 Caroline contemplating suicide in Königstein should she not be released soon and her pregnancy become known; Wilhelm Schlegel manages to smuggle poison to her in the prison

14 June–11 (13) July 1793 Caroline under house arrest in Kronenberg (Kronberg)

17 June 1793 Philipp Michaelis returns from Italy and comes to Kronberg; coalition troops begin shelling Mainz

19 June 1793 Philipp Michaelis appeals directly to the king of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm II, on Caroline’s behalf after the king declines an appeal from the Hannoverian administration (Philipp’s petition seems to have been dated 1 July 1793)

4 July 1793 the King of Prussia signs a rescript freeing Caroline

11 July 1793 Caroline receives word of the rescript

13 July 1793 Caroline and Auguste released, depart Frankfurt that same day

between mid-July and 20 July 1793 Caroline and Auguste arrive in Leipzig with Wilhelm Schlegel, initially staying with the publisher Georg Joachim Göschen

23 July 1793 Mainz taken by the coalition troops

2 August 1793 In Leipzig, Caroline meets Friedrich Schlegel for the first time

7 August 1793 Caroline and Auguste arrive in Lucka

11–17 August 1793 Friedrich Schlegel pays Caroline a brief visit in Lucka sometime during the week

24–27 August 1793 Friedrich Schlegel visits Caroline in Lucka, delivers letters suggesting her pregnancy was known in Mainz

26 August 1793 Caroline spends essentially the entire day sick in bed, upset at the prospect that her pregnancy had become known

11–14 September 1793 Friedrich Schlegel visits Caroline in Lucka, delivers a letter written by Wilhelm Schlegel on 5 September

10 October 1793 Caroline (and Auguste?) takes a walk to the neighboring village of Berndorf and its mill

Between 16 and ca. 22 October 1793 Friedrich Ludwig Wilhelm Meyer visits Caroline in Lucka

Ca. 22–23 October 1793 Friedrich Schlegel visits Caroline in Lucka

Ca. 29, 30 October 1793 Friedrich Schlegel visits Caroline in Lucka

1 November 1793 The portrait of Wilhelm by Johann Friedrich August Tischbein arrives in Leipzig for Friedrich Schlegel to take to Caroline in Lucka

2 November 1793 Friedrich Schlegel goes out to Lucka from Leipzig with Wilhelm’s portrait

3 November 1793 (Sunday), ca. 11:00 a.m., Wilhelm Julius Krantz (Caroline’s second son) born in Lucka

4 November 1793 Wilhelm Julius Krantz baptized in Lucka; Friedrich Schlegel attends as one of his godparents

6 November 1793 Friedrich Schlegel back in Lucka to see Caroline

ca. 15 November 1793 Friedrich Schlegel back in Lucka to see Caroline

Christmas 1793 Friedrich Schlegel spends the holidays with Caroline and Auguste in Lucka

1794 back to top

10 January 1794 Georg Forster dies in Paris

mid-January 1794 Friedrich Schlegel spends three days with Caroline in Lucka before leaving Leipzig for Dresden

late January 1794? Caroline and Auguste leave Lucka; her newborn son, Wilhelm Julius Böhmer (Krantz), remains behind in foster care

4 February 1794 (or shortly thereafter) Caroline and Auguste leave Leipzig and travel to Gotha

8 February 1794 Caroline and Auguste arrive in Gotha

10 April 1794 Therese Forster marries Ludwig Ferdinand Huber in Switzerland

June 1794 Caroline’s mother, sister Luise, and niece Lotte (child of Caroline’s deceased sister, Lotte) visit Caroline in Gotha

second half of 1794, early 1795 Caroline tries — ultimately without success — to arrange things such that she and Auguste can move to Dresden

July 1794 Caroline and Auguste visit Göttingen (also documented as being there on 16 July 1794)

16 August 1794 a rescript of the Hannoverian University Board of Trustees forbids Caroline from remaining in Göttingen

late August 1794 Caroline visits with General François Ignace Ervoil d’Oyré in Gotha, great uncle of her son Julius

1795 back to top

Chronological peculiarities arise concerning Caroline’s exact departure date from Gotha for Braunschweig. According to Brigitte Roßbeck (124–25), Caroline and Auguste left Gotha on an undetermined day in March and made an interim stop in Göttingen, where on 1 April 1795 she signed an inheritance protocol with her mother, brothers Fritz and Phillip, and sister Luise. According to Friedrich Schlegel in a letter to Wilhelm Schlegel on 7 April 1795, Caroline left her “present place of residence” (Gotha? Göttingen?) on 12 April 1795. Caroline herself, however, in a letter on 16 April 1795 from Braunchschweig, relates how she had to convince the coachman not to take them to Braunschweig by way of Göttingen.

If they departed on 12 April 1795, according to Caroline their route took them to Braunschweig by way of Dingen(?) and Mühlhausen on the first day;

13 April 1795 midday arrival in Worbis, then on to Gieboldehausen, where they spend the night;

14 April 1795 they pass by Katlenburg, then journey on to Eisfeld (Eisdorf), where they rest, then on to Seesen and Lutter, where they meet up with Caroline’s mother and continue into Braunschweig, presumably arriving that same

16 April 1795 Caroline, now living with her mother and sister Luise in Braunchschweig (Caroline and Auguste possibly in an apartment in the house of the writer Johann Arnold Ebert), writes Luise Gotter mentioning that their apartment is still being wallpapered and painted, but that a courier had arrived the day before, 15 April 1795, with a letter for her

20 April 1795 Caroline’s son, Wilhelm Julius Krantz, dies in Lucka; Caroline seems never to have seen him again after she left Lucka

23 April 1795 Wilhelm Julius Krantz is buried in Lucka

May 1795 Caroline and Auguste dine with the family of Joachim Heinrich Campe in Braunschweig

June 1795 Caroline, Auguste, and Philipp Michaelis visit the art gallery in the Salzdahlum Castle between Braunschweig and Wolfenbüttel; after they continue on to Wolfenbüttel to visit the family of the pedagogue Ernst Christian Trapp; that evening they dine with the family of Joachim Heinrich Campe in Braunschweig; Johann Friedrich Vieweg also attends

1795 (undetermined date) Philipp Michaelis in Braunschweig, questions Luise Michaelis about her having rejected Carl Wilhelm Hoppenstedt in favor of Christian Rudolph Wilhelm Wiedemann

Late June or early July 1795 Wilhelm Schlegel moves back to Germany

Autumn 1795 Caroline and Auguste visit the art gallery in the Salzdahlum Castle again, this time with Wilhelm Schlegel

As late as 22 October 1795 Caroline and Wilhelm still considering emigrating to America

December 1795 Luise Michaelis becomes engaged to Christian Rudolf Wilhelm Wiedemann in Braunschweig

1796 back to top

January 1796 Caroline borrows 550 Thaler from her mother

January 1796 Georg Joachim Göschen seems to have offered or brokered Caroline a position as governess to an otherwise unidentified child; Caroline declines the offer

28 March 1796 Luise Michaelis and Christian Rudolf Wilhelm Wiedemann marry in Braunschweig

April 1796 Auguste Böhmer inherits at least 1500 Goldthaler from her grandmother Henriette Philippine Elisabeth Böhmer

Late March–early May 1796 Wilhelm Schlegel in Dresden, thence to Leipzig, Jena, and Weimar to prepare for his and Caroline’s move to Jena

May 1796 in Dresden Wilhelm Schlegel socializes with, among others, Wilhelm Gottlieb Becker, who in a letter to Friedrich Ludwig Wilhelm Meyer in Berlin on 22 May 1796 mentions Wilhelm’s “excellent mind,” the pleasure he found in Wilhelm’s company, and that Wilhelm’s “most important project now is to publish the true Shakespeare”

Wilhelm Schlegel rents quarters for himself in Jena through September in the house of the merchant Beyer on the marketplace (today: no. 23)

28 June 1796 Wilhelm Schlegel still in Jena after having visited Weimar for the first time, but in a letter to Schiller that day mentions he is about to leave in inclement weather “in an uncovered carriage” and plans to travel as far as Merseburg

1 July 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel marry in Braunschweig in the Church of St. Catherine (Caroline’s second marriage)

5 July 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel arrive in Gotha on their way to Jena

8 July 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel depart Gotha, Luise Gotter accompanies them part of the way; they settle in Jena, initially in a “garden house” probably in the general area between the Löbder Gate and the Paradise greenspace

9 July 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel visit the Schillers in Jena

17 July 1796 Goethe visits Caroline at her home in Jena

6 or 7 August 1796: Friedrich Schlegel settles in Jena in Wilhelm’s earlier apartment at Markt 23, “beim Kaufmann Beyer”

4 September 1796 at latest, Caroline and Wilhelm have already decided to move into different quarters in Jena

Early October 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm, and likely also Friedrich, move into the rear edifice at Leutragasse 5 in Jena

October 1796 Caroline explains to Luise Gotter many of the references in Goethe and Schiller’s scandalous Xenien, which had just appeared in Schiller’s Musenalmanach

17–19 December 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm’s first visit to Weimar

17 December 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm attend the Weimar theater for a performance of Cimarosa’s Die heimliche Heirath

18 December 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm have tea at the home of Johann Gottfried Herder; Christoph Martin Wieland attends

19 December 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm call on the actress Corona Schröter in Weimar during the morning

19 December 1796 Caroline and Wilhelm dine at Goethe’s house for the midday meal, then return to Jena after 5:00 pm

28 December 1796 probable review by Caroline of Marianne Ehrmann’s Amaliens Feierstunden appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

1797 back to top

8 January 1797 Philipp Michaelis marries Auguste Katharine Sympher in Harburg

7 February 1797 probable review by Caroline of Chabanon’s Meine Liebschaften appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

10 February 1797 probable review by Caroline of Wackenroder and Tieck’s Herzensergiessungen eines kunstliebenden Klosterbruders appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

18 March 1797 Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter, husband of Luise Gotter, née Stieler, dies in Gotha

10 April 1797 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste depart for Dresden

25, 26 April 1797 reviews by Caroline of Friedrich Schulz’s novels appear in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

14 May 1797 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste in Pilnitz, their departure having been delayed

20 May 1797 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste return to Jena from Dresden after a stopover in Dessau to visit the Tischbeins

Whitsun (early June) 1797 Luise and C. R. W. Wiedemann and Madam Michaelis visit Baron von Brabeck at Söder Chateau near Hildesheim

14 June 1797 Caroline’s review of several plays by Iffland appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

Summer 1797 Friedrich Schlegel moves from Jena to Berlin

August 1797 Friedrich Schlegel and Brendel Veit become acquainted in Berlin

Between 10 and 22 August and between 24 August and 5 September 1797 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) visits Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste in Jena

Late August, early September 1797 Amalie Reichard, who seems to have scorned Caroline in Gotha when Caroline moved there from Lucka in early 1794, ignores Auguste at the Seidlers’ residence in Jena, “despite spending 6 hours in the same room with her.”

Early to mid-September 1797 Meta Liebeskind, on her way from Berlin to Ansbach, visits Caroline in Jena for four days with her husband and two children, Adelbert and Antonia

1797 Publication of Schiller’s Die Horen 10, no. 6 with Caroline and Wilhelm’s article on Romeo and Juliet

ca. 3 December 1797 publisher Georg Joachim Göschen stays with Caroline and Wilhelm for a week while in Jena on business (arrival date uncertain)

21 December 1797 Friedrich Schlegel moves in with Schleiermacher in Berlin

December 1797 initial tension between Wilhelm Schlegel and the editors of the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

Christmas 1797 Luise and Cäcilie Gotter in Jena till early February 1798; Cäcilie remains with Caroline for a lengthier stay

1798 back to top

20 January 1798 probable review by Caroline of Nonne und Aebtissinn im Wochenbette appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

27 January 1798 probable review by Caroline of Julchen Grünthal appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

Early February 1798 Luise Gotter returns to Gotha; her daughter Cäcile remains in Jena

ca. 19–21 February 1798 Karl Gustav von Brinckmann visits Caroline and Wilhelm in Jena, delivers a letter from Friedrich Schlegel

6 February 1798 Karl Emanuel Otth departs Jena after visiting the Schlegels and Lotte Wiedemann

3 April 1798 Wilhelm and possibly Caroline dine with J. F. A. Tischbein and Goethe at the home of Justus Christian Loder in Jena

Easter 1798 Athenaeum 1,1 (1798) appears with Caroline’s review of Lafontaine’s novels

April 1798 Cäcilie Gotter, in Jena with Caroline since December 1797, returns to Gotha

24 April–4 May 1798 Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel in Weimar to see August Wilhelm Iffland perform

9 May 1798 before sunrise Caroline, Auguste, and Johann Diederich Gries depart Jena for Dresden by way of Leipzig (where they likely stay overnight at the home of Georg Joachim Göschen) and Meissen

12 May 1798 Caroline, Auguste, and Gries arrive in Dresden during the evening

between 15 and 30 May 1798 Caroline dines at the home of Ernst Friedrich Adam von Manteuffel in Dresden, where she meets (and quarrels with) Jean Paul at dinner

after ca. 20 May 1798 Wilhelm Schlegel in Berlin (by way of Leipzig) with Friedrich

27–30 May 1798 Schelling in Jena for the first time, first meeting with Goethe and Schiller

30 June 1798 Schelling appointed professor of philosophy (extraordinarius) in Jena

30 June 1798 Wilhelm and Friedrich Schlegel arrive in Dresden from Berlin

July 1798 Athenaeum 1,2 appears

2 July 1798 Caroline and Friedrich Schlegel speak “at length” about their previous differences and misunderstanding

5 July 1798 Goethe informs Schelling of his appointment in Jena

23 July 1798 probable review by Caroline of Neueste Entdeckungen im Reiche der Weiber und Mädchen and Und er soll dein Herr sein. I Mos. 3,16 appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

11 August 1798 Wilhelm Schlegel announced as newly appointed professor extraordinarius in Jena

mid-August 1798 Schelling departs Leipzig for Dresden

18 August 1798 Schelling arrives in Dresden

24 August 1798 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Rahel Levin (possibly Schelling as well) take an excursion from Dresden to the Uttewalder Grund near the town of Wehlen in the forested area known as Saxon Switzerland

25–26 August 1798 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) in Dresden

Summer 1798 Rahel Levin in Dresden

31 August 1798 Friedrich Schlegel arrives back in Berlin

after 17 September 1798 Fichte briefly in Dresden

after 20 September 1798 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste visit the Tischbeins in Dessau on their way back to Jena

2 or 3 October 1798 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Auguste arrive back in Jena

5 October 1798 Schelling arrives in Jena with Johann Diederich Gries

12 October 1798 Because Wilhelm Schlegel had to remain in Weimar after the premiere of the first part of Schiller’s Wallenstein trilogy at the Weimar Theater, Schelling rides back to Jena with Caroline in his stead after all three attend the performance

14, 15 November 1798 Caroline dines with Goethe in Jena

8 December 1798 probable review by Caroline of Der Gesundbrunnen appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

17 December 1798 Dorothea Veit leaves the house of her husband Simon Veit in Berlin and moves into an apartment on Ziegelstrasse with her son Philipp Veit

Christmas 1798 Auguste receives a new clavier as a gift from Dresden

1799 back to top

11 January 1799 Dorothea Veit divorced from Simon Veit

12 January 1799 August Herder visits the Schlegels in Jena

24 January 1799 Caroline encounters Josias Friedrich Löffler in Jena, their first encounter since she declined his offer of marriage in Gotha in October 1791; Löffler, who in the meantime had lost his second wife, had brought his daughter to Weimar

Early 1799 Ludwig Tieck in Dresden

2 February 1799 Wilhelm Schlegel, Caroline, and Auguste attend the performance of Schiller’s Die Piccolomini in Weimar

25 February 1799 Wilhelm Schlegel dines with Josias Friedrich Christian Löffler, Caroline’s former suitor, at the home of Jena publisher Carl Friedrich Ernst Fromman

28 February 1799 Caroline and Auguste perform in Jena in an amateur theater performance of Friedrich Ludwig Schröder’s Die Heirath durch ein Wochenblatt and Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter’s Der schwarze Mann

Early March 1799 Athenaeum 2,1 appears with the essay “Die Gemählde,” containing Caroline’s descriptions of paintings and her material on Raphael

16 or 17 (?) April 1799 Henriette Mendelssohn in Jena on her way to Vienna by way of Leipzig and Dresden

28 April 1799 Schelling sends Auguste flowers for her fourteenth birthday

29 April 1799 probable review by Caroline of Orlando furioso appears in the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

9 May 1799 Caroline and Wilhelm attend a dinner at the Jena excursion locale Driesnitz, also attended by the Hufelands, Pauluses, Loders, Fichtes, Frommanns, and Kotzebues

By 10 May 1799 Schelling begins taking his meals at the house of Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel in Jena

6 June 1799 (morning) Christian Wilhelm von Dohm visits the Schlegels in Jena; they attend a social gathering that evening in his honor

before 9 June 1799 Sidonie Hardenberg — Friedrich von Hardenberg’s sister — visits the Schlegels in Jena

21 June 1799 Friedrich von Hardenberg to Weimar to see Goethe

3 July 1799 Fichte arrives in Berlin

17 July 1799 Ludwig Tieck stays with the Schlegels in Jena for two weeks, makes the acquaintance of Friedrich von Hardenberg, who had traveled over to Jena on 17 July as well

21 July 1799 Tieck, Hardenberg, and Wilhelm dine with Goethe in Weimar

Summer 1799 After seeing Caroline for the first time at a concert, Friedrich Karl von Savigny writes: “Madam Schlegel’s appearance has a considerable element of independence about it; she seems to be keeping herself up quite well and is allegedly even getting increasingly pretty now.”

Early August 1799 Athenaeum 2,2 appears with Caroline’s review of Johannes Müller’s “Fragmente aus den Briefen eines jungen Gelehrten an seinen Freund”

Early August 1799 Luise and Christian Rudolf Wilhelm Wiedemann, their daughter Emma, and Luise’s and Caroline’s mother all come to visit the Schlegels in Jena from Braunschweig

Ca. mid-August 1799, a week after Caroline’s relatives from Braunschweig arrive, Sophie Tischbein also arrives for a visit; her two daughters, Caroline and Betty, come over from Weimar occasionally to visit until the guests from Braunschweig leave, then they remain in Jena as well until 14 or 15 September; at one point, Caroline has 15–18 people at her home for the midday meal

31 August 1799 Wilhelm Schlegel makes the acquaintance of Minna van Nuys in Jena

Sunday, 1 September 1799 Friedrich departs Berlin for Jena

2–5 September 1799 Friedrich arrives in Jena

From early autumn 1799 Caroline “privately separated” (so Friedrich Schlegel) from Wilhelm and more intimately linked with “another friend,” namely, Schelling

3 September 1799 Johann Diederich Gries arrives in Jena from Göttingen for a month-long visit, during which he takes his midday meal with the Schlegels

14 or 15 September 1799 Sophie, Caroline, and Betty Tischbein conclude their stay with the Schlegels in Jena and return to Dessau; Auguste goes with them and remains there until 26 November 1799

16 September 1799 Auguste and her travelling companions (Sophie, Caroline, Betty Tischbein) likely dine at midday with Carl Christoph von Hoffmann and his wife at Dieskau Castle just outside Halle

28–29 September 1799 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) in Jena

6 October 1799 Dorothea and Philipp Veit arrive in Jena

10 October 1799 Dorothea Veit has tea with Wilhelm Schlegel, Caroline, Schelling, and Karoline Paulus

12 October 1799 Caroline invites Johanne Fichte over for lunch; the Frommanns join them during the afternoon; they go for a walk afterward, Madam Fichte stays till 8:00 in the evening and notices the romantic relationship developing between Caroline and Schelling

14–15 October 1799 Philippine Hoppenstedt, née Böhmer, arrives in Jena with her husband, Carl Wilhelm Hoppenstedt, and the latter’s brother and sister-in-law, August Ludwig and Louise Sophie Hoppenstedt, née Klockenbring; they depart the evening of 15 October 1799

15 October 1799 Wilhelm Schlegel departs Jena for Leipzig but arrives too late to see the performance of Kotzebue’s play Der hyperboreische Esel contra Athenaeum (all further performances were forbidden); Friedrich, however, attends the performance

15 October 1799 Hamlet performed in Berlin in Wilhelm Schlegel’s translation. F. J. Beschort performs the role of Hamlet, A. W. Iffland that of Polonius, and Friederike Unzelmann that of Ophelia.

17 October 1799 Ludwig, Amalie, and Dorothea Tieck arrive in Jena

21 October 1799 Schelling’s brother Karl arrives in Jena to begin his medical studies

11–15 November 1799 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) in Jena

26 November 1799 Auguste returns to Jena from Dessau with Wilhelm Schlegel

December 1799 Fichte returns temporarily to Jena, where his family is still living

winter 1799–1800 Auguste takes confirmation lessons together with Luise Seidler from the Jena superintendent Christian Ömler

1800 back to top

February 1800 Auguste begins to translate Boccaccio’s story of Ghismonda and Guiscardo from The Decameron

1 March 1800 Caroline falls ill with catarrhal fever, which turns into nervous fever

March 1800 Fichte and his family leave Jena permanently for Berlin

16 March 1800 After having been treated by Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland in an anti-Brunonian (John Brown) fashion and only getting worse (“seriously ill”), Caroline begins recovering after Schelling badgers Hufeland to treat her according to the Brunonian method with “volatile stimulants and continuous fortifiers such as quinine, Hungarian wine, nourishing creams, and strong bouillon”

17 March 1800 Caroline noticeably improved, though painful complications from a mustard plaster persist

21 March 1800 Caroline still ill but apparently out of danger

22 March 1800 Caroline’s illness seems to take a significant turn for the better during the night

23 March 1800 Caroline begins a week of sleepless nights

26 March 1800 Caroline improves sufficiently for Wilhelm to travel over to Weimar to visit Goethe

Late March 1800 baths (twice daily) and opium are virtually the only treatments that seem to be helping Caroline

night of 28–29 March 1800 Caroline sleeps for the first time in a week but then suffers severe cramps

night of 29–30 March 1800 Caroline again unable to sleep

30 March 1800 although Caroline’s nervous fever has passed, she again suffers from sleeplessness and especially from severe cramps caused presumably by the excruciating pain of the mustard plaster; not doing as well as the past couple of days (28, 29 March); suffers a mild fainting spell; Caroline also bathes on this day, having been bathing sometimes twice a day and even at night for relief especially from the cramps

Late March/early April 1800 Caroline’s “recovery is proceeding only very slowly, and with constant relapses”

Late March/early April 1800 first issue of Athenaeum (1800) appears

4 April 1800 although Caroline’s nervous fever has passed, she is still bedridden and suffering from spells of hysteria; her physicians recommend a stay at a mineral-springs spa; anticipated departure the middle of May

ca. 13 April 1800 (around Easter) Schelling buys Auguste a shawl in Jena

ca. 16 April 1800 Caroline still sick, develops a fever rash, which her physicians believe signals the final crisis

17 April 1800 Schelling in Weimar to take leave of Goethe before leaving for Bamberg on 2 May

26 April 1800 Caroline still extremely weak and not at all fully recovered

prior to 28 April Caroline has had a rash “for more than a week”

end of April Caroline taking a ride each day with Auguste and Schelling

ca. 1 May 1800 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) in Jena for a short visit

2 May 1800 Schelling departs Jena on foot for Bamberg

3 May 1800 Schelling arrives in Saalfeld

4 May 1800 Caroline still needs fortifiers such as Hungarian wine, is recovering her strength only very slowly, and is still constantly interrupted by the cramping

5 May 1800 Caroline and Auguste depart Jena for Saalfeld accompanied by Wilhelm

6 May 1800 Wilhelm stops in Weissenfels on his way to Leipzig, visits Friedrich von Hardenberg and spends an evening with Luise Brachmann

8 May 1800 Caroline, Auguste, and Schelling arrive in Bamberg

15 May 1800 Auguste takes an excursion to Bug near Bamberg, refuses to stay and dance because the company is allegedly not the best

16 May 1800 Caroline “still very weak and is still having occasional cramps in her head” but able to to walk about on her own in her room and go out for rides

26 May 1800 the cadjutor for the principality Bamberg is elected in Bamberg

30 May 1800 at latest, Wilhelm Schlegel back in Jena after visiting Goethe in Leipzig

ca. 1 or 2 June 1800 Schelling departs Bamberg to return to his parents in Württemberg after his brother’s death in Genoa

4 June 1800 Schelling presumably arrives in Schorndorf to visit his parents

4 June 1800 Auguste, Andreas Röschlaub, and the latter’s cousin take an excursion to a neighboring village

4 June 1800 Caroline still trying, unsuccessfully, to rent a garden house in Bamberg for herself, Schelling, and Auguste

ca. 4 June 1800 Auguste takes a second excursion to Bug with Caroline, Röschlaub, and the latter’s cousin; again refuses to enter

7 June 1800 Caroline and Adalbert Friedrich Marcus visit the latter’s sister-in-law

8 June 1800 Caroline again unsuccessful in trying to rent their own accommodations in Bamberg (Nonnenbrücke 1); Auguste seems to come down ill, complaining of “pains in her shoulder,” and also has a fever; Caroline puts her to bed

9 June 1800 Caroline and August plan to leave Bamberg for Bocklet on 12 June; Auguste has still not yet recovered

9 June 1800 Caroline receives a visit from Commerzienräthin Marcus

June 1800 Auguste involved in theater rehearsals in Bamberg (Nina)

ca. 12 June 1800 Caroline and Auguste depart Bamberg for Bocklet, planning to stay only until the end of July

22 June 1800 at latest, Caroline and Auguste in Bocklet

Late June 1800 Friedrich and Dorothea already making arrangements to move out of the house at Leutragasse 5 for the coming winter

Late June 1800 Friedrich Tieck and his family depart Jena for Weissenfels, Giebichenstein, and Hamburg before settling again in Berlin

29 June 1800 Schelling departs Schorndorf after visiting his parents, departs Stuttgart at 6:00 p.m. for Heilbronn

30 June 1800 Schelling in Künzelsau on his way back to Bamberg from Schorndorf in Württemberg

July 1800 H. E. G. Paulus also in Bocklet with his wife, Karoline, and daughter, Sophie

ca. 1 July 1800 Auguste falls ill in Bocklet

ca. 3 or 4 July 1800 Schelling arrives in Bocklet after his trip to Schorndorf

6 July 1800 Schelling anticipates Auguste will soon recover and that they will be back in Bamberg on 12 July

12 July 1800 Auguste dies in Bocklet; the physician Andreas Röschlaub arrives in Bocklet from Bamberg

16-19 July 1800 Caroline and Schelling return to Bamberg, initially staying in the hotel Bamberger Hof

20 July 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel, in Jena, learns of Auguste’s death

21 July 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel departs Jena for Bamberg

ca. 24 July 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel arrives in Bamberg; unclear where he and Caroline, on the one hand, and Schelling, on the other, resided until all three left in early October

July 1800 on Wilhelm’s first evening in Bocklet, he speaks with Büchler, the physician who treated Auguste in Bocklet and who happens to dine at the same table with Wilhelm; Wilhelm has the impression that Büchler is trying to shift the blame for Auguste’s death onto someone else; Wilhelm later receives from Adalbert Friedrich Marcus the essay Büchler composed relating his, Büchler’s, side of the story of Auguste’s treatment and death

4 August 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel, Caroline, and Schelling visit the Bamberg hospital

6 August 1800 Friedrich Schlegel accompanies Dorothea to Dornburg NE of Jena; she stays 12 days, he 1, possibly paying a clandestine visit to Sophie Mereau on 7 August in Camburg on his way back to Jena

ca. 19 August 1800 Friedrich and Dorothea back in Jena

prior to 21 August 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel visits Auguste’s grave in Bocklet

21 August 1800 at latest, Wilhelm Schlegel decides to go to Berlin instead of returning to Jena

22 August 1800 at latest, the family of H. E. G. Paulus back in Jena from Bocklet

August 1800 Athenaeum 3,2 (1800) appears (final issue)

14–20 September 1800 Johann Diederich Gries in Bamberg, sees Caroline, Wilhelm, and Schelling regularly

Week of 15 September 1800 Karl von Hardenberg and Friedrich von Hardenberg in Jena for a couple of days

22 September 1800 Schelling sick for several days in Bamberg

26 September 1800 Hannoverian Board of Trustees issues a rescript reconfirming that Caroline be prohibited from staying for any length of time in Göttingen

28 September 1800 Rose, the maidservant, departs Jena to meet up with Wilhelm Schlegel and Caroline in Gotha

by 30 September 1800 Friedrich and Dorothea move out of the house at Leutragasse 5 and into an apartment on Unterm Markt

1 October 1800 Wilhelm Schlegel and Caroline depart Bamberg for Braunschweig, Schelling and Johann Diederich Gries for Jena; the four travel together as far as Coburg, then take different routes

3 October 1800 Schelling and Gries arrive back in Jena

4 October 1800 Wilhelm and Caroline arrive in Gotha, travel thence to Göttingen (see below), Braunschweig (Caroline), and Hannover (Wilhelm)

6–8 October 1800 Wilhelm and Caroline in Göttingen for 2 1/2 days, Caroline and her brother-in-law Johann Friedrich Eberhard Böhmer negotiate a settlement concerning Auguste’s portion from the will of Caroline’s father-in-law, Georg Ludwig Böhmer, who had died in August 1797 and who had stipulated that Auguste’s portion (2500 Reichsthaler) not be paid out until three years after his death; the negotiated settlement now stipulated that the portion not be paid out to Caroline until the spring of 1803, coincidentally concurrent with her divorce from Wilhelm Schlegel and marriage to Schelling

in Göttingen Caroline and Wilhelm receive an invitation from Friedrich Moritz von Brabeck to visit his estate, Söder; Caroline departs Göttingen first, leaving Wilhelm behind and traveling on to Braunschweig; Wilhelm then travels on to Hannover to visit his mother; they are to meet in Söder

ca. 9 October 1800 Caroline arrives in Braunschweig

18 October 1800 Friedrich Schlegel delivers his inaugural lecture in Jena

19 October 1800 Caroline, after spending the previous night with a case of diarrhea, travels to the Söder estate accompanied by her brother-in-law, C. R. W. Wiedemann (they arrive at 5 p.m.), where Wilhelm Schlegel awaits her at the inn, Söder Heidekrug; Friedrich Moritz von Brabeck immediately sends his carriage, and they are taken to the estate, where they will spend two days as Brabeck’s guests

22 October 1800 Wilhelm, Caroline, and Wiedemann sign the Söder guestbook and return to Braunschweig

27 October 1800 Friedrich Schlegel begins lecturing in Jena

10 November 1800 After a previous “light attack” after returning from Söder, Caroline now has a “more serious” attack that threatens to turn into the sort of nervous fever she suffered in the spring; she receives the same medical treatment as earlier

12 December 1800 Goethe to Jena

25 December 1800 Schelling, in Jena, writes to Caroline in Braunschweig, informing her of his New Year’s Eve plans; Caroline receives the letter on New Year’s Eve itself

26 December 1800 Schelling returns to Weimar with Goethe

31 December 1800 Schelling dines with Goethe and Schiller in Weimar, then celebrates New Year’s Eve privately with them and Henrik Steffens

1801 back to top

1 January 1801 Wilhelm and Caroline give a souper in Braunschweig, at which Wilhelm reads aloud his Tristan and his Shrovetide play on the meeting of the two centuries (Ein schön kurzweilig Fastnachtsspiel vom alten und neuen Jahrhundert), Goethe’s Palaeophron and Neoterpe, and, “for dessert,” Schelling’s eerie but anonymous “The Last Words of the Pastor of Drottning, in Zealand”

4 January 1801 Schelling returns from Weimar to Jena

January 1801 Hegel arrives in Jena

21 February 1801 Wilhelm departs Braunschweig for Berlin

21–22 February 1801 Schelling visits Goethe in Weimar

23 February 1801 Caroline and Luise Wiedemann attend a déjeuner in Braunschweig at the home of Marie Sophie von Sierstorpff; attendees include Sophie von La Roche, Susanne Bandemer, and Johanna von Haugwitz, wife of the Prussian minister

23 February 1801 Wilhelm probably arrives in Berlin

28 February 1801 Caroline visits the publisher Friedrich Vieweg

5 March 1801 Marie Sophie von Sierstorpff visits Caroline

9 March 1801 August Ferdinand Wiedemann (born 2 August 1800), Luise Wiedemann’s son, falls ill in Braunschweig; Caroline helps care for him, apparently staying up all night

10 March 1801 between 2:00 and 3:00 in the afternoon, August Ferdinand Wiedemann dies

11 March 1801 Caroline suffers one of her “relapses,” with chattering teeth and an effusion of blood; remains bedridden for two days

14 March 1801 Friedrich Schlegel’s disputatio in Jena

15 March 1801 Friedrich Schlegel and Dorothea Veit use Caroline’s apartment at Leutragasse 5 for his doctoral celebratory banquet, much to Caroline’s chagrin

24 March 1801 evening Caroline receives word of the death of Philippine Hoppenstedt, née Böhmer, of complications from induced childbirth under the care of Benjamin Osiander, under whose care Lotte Michaelis had died under similar circumstances in 1793

24 March 1801 Schelling and Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer visit Schiller in Jena; after his final lecture in Jena, Friedrich Schlegel hastens that night to Weissenfels, where Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) lies gravely ill

25 March 1801 Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) dies in Weissenfels; Friedrich Schlegel present

29 March 1801, Sunday, Caroline and her maidservant, Rose, travel to Celle; Rose returns to Braunschweig; Caroline visits the families of Georg Christoph Dahme and her brother-in-law Justus Ludwig Bechtold Böhmer

30 March 1801, Monday, Philipp Michaelis’s wife, Auguste Katharine, née Sympher, meets Caroline in Celle; Emilie von Berlepsch also in Celle

1 April 1801, Wednesday, Caroline, Auguste Katharine Michaelis, and the latter’s brother-in-law travel to Harburg

4 April 1801 Caroline visits the sister of Karl August Moritz Schlegel in Harburg

6 April 1801 Caroline crosses the Elbe to Hamburg but is staying in Altona with the stepmother (and the latter’s second husband) of Philipp Michaelis’s wife

9 April 1801 Caroline attends the French theater in Hamburg, stays with the family of Friedrich Johann Lorenz Meyer

11 April 1801 Caroline returns to Harburg

16 April 1801 Caroline departs Harburg, meets her mother in Celle, who travels on to Harburg to stay with Philipp Michaelis; during this stopover in Celle, Caroline along with her sister Luise Wiedemann, the latter’s daughter, Emma, and her mother visit with the family of Christoph Dahme; Chanoinesse Schläger is also there, and travels back to her convent in Wienhausen with Caroline and her companions, who linger there briefly

18 April 1801 Caroline and her traveling companions arrive back in Braunschweig

19 April 1801 Caroline packs for her return trip to Jena, tries to visit Minna van Nuys, who is, however, not at home; dines with Stefan Winckelmann at the the Wiedemanns’ that evening, who accompanies her home after dinner

20 April 1801 Caroline attends the French theater in Braunschweig; sees Mademoiselle Sérigny in D’Alayrac’s Adolphe et Clara, ou les deux prissonniers

ca. 20 April 1801 Dorothea Veit journeys to Leipzig from Jena to have new teeth made, hence is not in Jena when Caroline returns

21 April 1801 Caroline departs Braunschweig for Jena with her sister, Luise Wiedemann, and the latter’s daughter, Emma

23 April 1801 at about 7:00 pm Caroline arrives in Jena with Luise Wiedemann and the latter’s daughter, Emma

24 April 1801 4:00 in the afternoon Friedrich Schlegel visits Caroline, finds Schelling already there

26 April 1801 Sunday afternoon Caroline and Schelling read Wilhelm Schlegel’s poems together

2 May 1801 Caroline and Schelling in Weimar for a performance of Don Juan, speak with Goethe in the theater; Luise Gotter also there with Cäcilie Gotter

6 May 1801 Schelling meets with Goethe in Jena, goes riding, engages in extensive conversations

6 May 1801 Justus Christian Loder pays Caroline an hour-long visit in Jena; his wife had already visited Caroline twice since Caroline’s return to Jena on 23 April 1801

7 May 1801 Friedrich Schlegel departs Jena for Leipzig, where he will pick up Dorothea Veit and return to Jena

10 May 1801 Friedrich Schlegel and Dorothea Veit return to Jena from Leipzig

11 May 1801 Caroline encounters Friedrich Schlegel in the Paradies green-space in Jena and speaks with him about Eduard D’Alton, who seems to have accompanied Friedrich and Dorothea back to Jena from Leipzig

11 May 1801 Caroline (and Luise Wiedemann? Schelling?) dines at the home of Justus Christian and Louise Loder in Jena

16 May 1801 Schelling attends performance of Schiller’s Wallenstein in Weimar with the Tübingen publisher Johann Friedrich Cotta

ca. 21–25 May 1801 Caroline suffers one of her “customary attacks and relapses” and is “extremely weak for several days” after being “perhaps a bit busy in the house”

25 May 1801 Caroline receives a visit from Johanna Sophia Bohn, Johanne Frommann, and Konradine Luise Hufeland in Jena (she had previously been estranged from the latter after Wilhelm Schlegel’s and Schelling’s break with the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung in the autumn of 1799)

week of 25 May 1801 Cäcilie Gotter spends a day with Caroline in Jena

week of 25 May 1801 Johann Diederich Gries dines with Caroline and Luise Michaelis at Leutragasse 5 in Jena

28 June 1801 Caroline and her housemates spend the day in Dornburg

28, 29 May 1801 Schelling meets with Goethe in Jena

31 May 1801 Julie Gotter arrives in Jena to stay with Caroline, remains until March 1802

11 June 1801 Caroline pays a visit to Konradine Luise Hufeland in Jena, wife of Gottlieb Hufeland, Caroline’s neighbors across the courtyard at Leutragasse 5, from whom she and Wilhelm (and Schelling) had been estranged since the autumn of 1799

Late June early July 1801 the Jena publisher Friedrich Frommann and his wife Johanne pay a visit to Caroline in Jena

July 1801 Justus Christian Loder pays Caroline a “gallant” morning visit each day in Jena

Before mid-July 1801 Caroline travels once to Weimar and once to Burgau

20 July 1801 Dorothea, after being ill, departs for Franconia and Bocklet with Philipp Veit, accompanied by H.E.G. Paulus; Karoline Paulus and her daughter, Sophie, are already there

Late July 1801 Caroline sick in bed, allegedly because of the damp weather

July or August 1801 Dorothea Veit visits Auguste’s grave in Bocklet accompanied by a young woman who cared for Auguste during the latter’s illness the previous summer

7 August 1801, Friday, Wilhelm von Humboldt pays Caroline a visit in Jena

8 August 1801 Wilhelm Schlegel departs Berlin for Jena

11 August 1801, Tuesday afternoon, Wilhelm arrives in Jena from Berlin; Caroline has been sick in bed for two weeks, though the fever has subsided; the illness seems again to be a nervous fever

15 August 1801 Friedrich departs for Bocklet to pick up Dorothea

August 1801 Caroline reads Schleiermacher’s Sermons (Berlin 1801) and is quite taken by them

20 August 1801 Wilhelm and Caroline, possibly also Luise Wiedemann, inspect a prospective new apartment at Neugasse 23 in Jena

21 August 1801 Caroline has recovered from her illness “enough to go for rides and walk” but is still “extremely weak”

Ca. 22 August 1801 Friedrich and Dorothea depart Bocklet for Jena with H.E.G. and Karoline Paulus; arrival in Jena by 24 August at latest

31 August, 1, 8 September 1801 Wilhelm Schlegel visits Goethe in Weimar

4 September 1801 Caroline has been bedridden with severe attacks of cramps for a week, i.e., since ca. 28 August 1801, but is now recovering; mid-September: using opium “quite a bit recently”

9–11 September 1801 Friedrich Tieck visits the Schlegels in Jena (their first personal acquaintance)

19 September 1801 Friederike Unzelmann arrives in Weimar for eight successive guest performances beginning on 21 September

21 September 1801 Caroline, Wilhelm Schlegel, Luise Wiedemann, and Julie Gotter arrive in Weimar to attend Friederike Unzelmann’s performances; first performance is Maria Stuart; Luise Gotter also comes to Weimar with Cäcilie and Pauline Gotter; first and only meeting between Schelling and his second wife, Pauline, before their marriage in 1812

22 September 1801 Schelling meets with Goethe at midday; “grand tea” (so Goethe) for Friederike Unzelmann presumably also attended by Wilhelm Schlegel, possibly Caroline

1 October 1801 Schelling visits Goethe while Friedrich Tieck works on Goethe’s bust that morning; Schelling visits Goethe that afternoon as well; that evening performance of Lessing’s Minna von Barnhelm by Friederike Unzelmann

2 October 1801 Friederike Unzelmann departs Weimar; Caroline, Wilhelm, Luise Wiedemann, and Julie Gotter arrive back in Jena at midday; Luise Gotter and her other two daughters, Cäcilie and Pauline, presumably also return with them

Early October 1801 Luise and Christian Rudolf Wilhelm Wiedemann return to Braunschweig from Jena, he having arrived in Jena in late September

19 October 1801 Schelling calls on Goethe in Jena

20 October 1801 Gottlieb Hufeland gives a farewell dinner for the Wiedemanns in Jena; Goethe also attends

1 November 1801 Wilhelm Schlegel sees Goethe in Jena, reads his play Ion aloud to him while Friedrich Tieck continues work on Goethe’s bust

3 November 1801 Wilhelm departs Jena for Berlin

6 November 1801 Friedrich Schlegel calls on Goethe in Jena

8 November 1801 Schelling calls on Goethe in Jena

by mid-November 1801 Karl Gustav Himly, now teaching in Jena, pays Caroline a visit

by mid-November 1801 Caroline pays a visit to Louise Loder in Jena; otherwise Carline is suffering from headaches

by mid-November Schelling’s brother, Karl Schelling, moves into Wilhelm Schlegel’s room at Leutragasse 5 in Jena

ca. 29 November 1801 Friedrich departs Jena for Berlin in the company of Friedrich Tieck

1 December 1801 Wilhelm begins lecture series in Berlin

2 December 1801 Friedrich arrives in Berlin with Friedrich Tieck

ca. 10 December 1801 Caroline, who had been relatively well of late, has (or recently had) an “episode” of illness, one Schelling, however, thinks will quickly pass

ca. 11, 12 December 1801 Schelling brings the Danish student Nikolaus Moeller by to meet Caroline

21 December 1801 Caroline and Schelling attend the performances of Friedrich Hildebrand von Einsiedel’s Die Brüder and Schiller’s prologue Wallensteins Lager in Weimar

26 December 1801 scheduled premiere of Wilhelm Schlegel’s play Ion in Weimar postponed

1802 back to top

2 January 1802 Caroline and Schelling to Weimar for the premiere of Wilhelm Schlegel’s play Ion the same day, are seated in Goethe’s loge; Schelling remains overnight with Goethe, returns to Jena the next day; Caroline remains overnight as well, presumably in an inn

11 January 1802, Monday, Johann Diederich Gries visits Caroline in Jena

16 January 1802 Caroline’s review of Wilhelm Schlegel’s play Ion appears in the Zeitung für die elegante Welt

20 January 1802 Friedrich Immanuel and Rosine Eleonora Niethammer along with Nikolaus Moeller have tea with Caroline in Jena

23 January 1802 Schelling dines with Goethe in Jena

27 January 1802 Friedrich departs Berlin for Dresden, Dorothea departs Jena for Dresden; they meet up in Leipzig

30 January 1802 Caroline and Schelling in Weimar for the performance of Schiller’s play Turandot

1 February 1802 Friedrich and Dorothea now in Dresden

14 February 1802 Goethe (in Jena) queries Caroline about negotiating with the theater in Frankfurt about Wilhelm’s play Ion

20 February 1802 Schelling calls on Goethe in Jena in the evening

1 March 1802 Karl Friedrich Zelter has tea with Caroline in her apartment in Jena

6 March 1802 Julie Gotter, Caroline’s house guest since 31 May 1801, departs Jena for Gotha

ca. 8 March 1802 Caroline recently “suffering violently from a stomachache accompanied by diarrhea”

ca. 6–11 March 1802 Caroline invites Hegel over for an evening visit in Jena, presumably for tea

11 March 1802 Schelling calls on Goethe in the morning

13 March 1802 Schelling calls on Goethe in the evening

18 March 1802 Caroline writes that “for several days I myself have felt very ill indeed”

After 18/19 March 1802 Caroline travels to Berlin with her maidservant, Rose, accompanied by Karl Friedrich Grattenauer, probably by way of Halle; in Berlin, she resides at Lindenstrasse 66 with Grattenauer and his wife, Anna Philippine Elisabeth Grattenauer

24 April 1802 Caroline has been experiencing “physical weakness” amid all the activities in Berlin

While in Berlin, Caroline exchanges visits with Luise Iffland; also, at a souper, sits next to the resolute adversary of the Jena Romantics Garlieb Merkel, who, however, “flirts” with her

28 April 1802 Caroline and Wilhelm attend the performance of Kotzebue’s Die deutschen Kleinstädter in Berlin

Late April, early May 1802 Schelling travels to Berlin

15/16 May 1802 Ion performed in Berlin; Caroline and Schelling attend both performances, presumably with Wilhelm Schlegel

16 (17?) May 1802 Caroline, Wilhelm, and Schelling dine with Friederike Unzelmann in Berlin, presumably at the Unzelmann’s residence at Französische Strasse 47

17 May 1802 Wilhelm Schlegel mentions an “incident” that occurred during Caroline’s visit that arguably might free him from financial obligations to which he had earlier agreed

19 May 1802 Caroline departs Berlin for Leipzig with Wilhelm Schlegel, Schelling, and her maidservant, Rose

21 May 1802 Caroline arrives in Leipzig with Wilhelm, Schelling, and Rose; probable meeting with Friedrich Schlegel there, who is in town for the Leipzig book fair

24 May 1802 Caroline departs Leipzig for Jena with Schelling and Rose, arriving that evening

24 May 1802 (evening) Caroline arrives in Jena and moves into a new apartment, almost certainly in the house of the tanner Eckardt in the northeast section of Jena next to the inn Zum Schwarzen Bär, which later bore the address Lutherplatz 3; Caroline earlier refers to the house as the “Asverus house” after the previous lessee, Ludwig Christoph Asverus

26 May 1802 The performance of Wilhelm Schlegel’s play Ion is canceled in Berlin after the actress Henriette Meyer’s husband refuses to allow her to perform the “lewd” role of Creusa again

29 May 1802 Schelling and Hegel (but not Caroline) attend the premiere of Friedrich Schlegel’s play Alarcos in Weimar; Friedrich and presumably Dorothea Veit also attend

30 May 1802 Schelling and Hegel dine with Goethe in Weimar; Friedrich and Dorothea depart for Paris

4 June 1802 Schelling receives Dr. med. honoris causa from Landshut

5 June 1802 The Italian improvisatore Pietro Scotes arrives in Jena

13 June 1802 Wilhelm returns to Berlin via Dresden

Sunday or Monday, 13 or 14 June 1802 Friedrich Tieck dines at midday with Caroline and Schelling in Jena

26 June 1802 Caroline and Schelling see Goethe’s prologue Was wir bringen and Mozart’s opera Titus at the opening of the new theater in Lauchstädt

27 June 1802 Caroline and Schelling see Goethe’s prologue Was wir bringen again as well as Friedrich Hildebrand von Einsiedel’s Die Brüder. Ein Lustspiel nach Terenz in fünf Akten in Lauchstädt

28 June 1802 Caroline and Schelling probably also attend a performance of Schiller’s Wallenstein (i.e., Wallensteins Tod) in Lauchstädt

Late July 1802 Friedrich and Dorothea arrive in Paris

August 1802 Caroline in good health and is taking walks in Jena that often last “several hours”; seems also to have been working on a translation or stage adaptation of Shakespeare’s Comedy of Errors; Schelling sent the first act to Goethe in mid-September, though the play was never performed

ca. 8 August 1802 Luise Schläger (the chanoinesse) visits Caroline in Jena; Caroline fetched from the house of the publisher Friedrich Frommann to greet her

20 September 1802 Friedrich Tieck visits Caroline and Schelling in Jena

22 September 1802 Schelling calls on Goethe in Weimar to discuss Caroline’s and Wilhelm Schlegel’s divorce; Wilhelm von Humboldt also present

13 October 1802 Wilhelm’s To the Public distributed in Jena

mid-October 1802 Julie Gotter and presumably her mother and sister, Cäcilie, seem to have paid Caroline at least a short visit in Jena

mid-October 1802 Caroline travels over to Weimar for an unknown reason

by 1 November 1802 at latest, Caroline and Wilhelm’s divorce petition sent to Duke Karl August in Weimar

14 December 1802 Wilhelm Schlegel receives a missive, likely delivered to Caroline in Jena, summoning him to appear before the High Consistory in Weimar on 1 February 1803 with regard to the divorce petition submitted to Duke Karl August

26 December 1802 Schelling dines with Goethe, Schiller, and Karoly von Podmanitzky in Weimar; he and Podmanitzky spend several days in Weimar

before 29 December 1802 Caroline receives a similar summons from the High Consistory

1803 back to top

14 January 1803 Caroline receives a missive from the High Consistory in Weimar excusing her from having to appear personally before it in the matter of her and Wilhelm Schlegel’s divorce; Wilhelm receives a similar missive

1 February 1803 High Consistory meets in Weimar and decides against immediately excusing Caroline and Wilhelm from making a personal appearance, presumably out of ire toward Duke Karl August for having intervened in the matter

9 February 1803 Caroline receives a missive from her attorney, C. F. Hufeland, informing her that the High Consistory is now demanding after all that she show sufficient reason by 15 February 1803 for why she should be excused from making a personal appearance

11 February 1803 “measures already taken,” presumably by Goethe (with the aid of Christian Gottlob Voigt), to intervene in the High Consistory’s “chicanery” of insisting on “sufficient reason” from Caroline and Wilhelm for not appearing personally

12 or 13 February 1803 Schelling rides over to Weimar to speak with Goethe about the High Consistory’s resistance to excusing Caroline and Wilhelm Schlegel from personal appearances

25 February 1803 Principal Conclusion of the Extraordinary Imperial Delegation assigns the bishoprics Würzburg and Bamberg to Bavaria, a decision that will profoundly affect Caroline and Schelling’s future plans

30 April 1803 Lawyers for Caroline and Wilhelm announce divorce to be granted on 17 May

15 May 1803 Schelling dines with Goethe and Schiller in Weimar

17 May 1803 divorce granted for Caroline and Wilhelm

22 May 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart Jena for Murrhardt at 3:00 a.m., traveling by way of Bamberg and Nürnberg; initial plans are to stay a while in Swabia, then continue through Switzerland, where they will also spend time, and then on to Italy, then to return to Germany (Jena?) by way of France and perhaps Spain, though not for 2 years

24 or 25 May (following a journey of 3 days), Caroline and Schelling spend two days in Bamberg in the company of by Adalbert Friedrich Marcus, they leave Bamberg spend 1/2 day in Würzburg

30 May 1803 Caroline and Schelling arrive in Murrhardt after a 9-day journey from Jena, including finally a 3-day journey from Würzburg by way of Swabian Halle, Michelfeld and Bubenurbis, meeting Carl and August Schelling then between Bubenurbis and Ziegelbronn at the New Tavern (Zum Stok), who has ridden out from Murrhardt to meet them

3–10 June 1803 Friederike Unzelmann guest performances in Stuttgart; arriving in Stuttgart from Murrhardt at midday, Caroline and Schelling, who are staying at the inn Der König von England, attend her performance of the lead role in Schiller’s Maria Stuart on 10 June 1803

11 June 1803 morning, Caroline and Schelling speak with Friederike Unzelmann at her accommodations in Stuttgart, who tells them not to be surprised if Therese Huber should walk in at any minute; Therese does not, but a half hour after returning to their accommodations, Caroline receives news that Therese will be coming to visit her from Friederike Unzelmann’s forthwith, a brief visit that does indeed happen; it is the first meeting between the two women since Therese left Mainz on 7 December 1792

June 1803 Hölderlin spends a day and a half visiting Schelling and Caroline in Murrhardt; Schelling: “the sight of him unsettled me”

26 June 1803 afternoon, Schelling’s father performs marriage ceremony for Caroline and Schelling (Caroline’s third marriage) in the Church of St. Januarius in Murrhardt

28 June 1803 Caroline and Schelling to Cannstatt for the mineral springs

June or July 1803 Schelling visits Heidelberg; with Caroline?

June or July 1803 Claire Forster spends two days with Caroline in Ludwigsburg; Schelling likely with them as well

summer 1803 Friedrich Wilhelm von Hoven and presumably his wife, Henriette von Hoven, travel to Murrhardt with Schelling and Caroline for a visit

4 August 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart Cannstadt and return to Murrhardt

August (or summer) 1803 Caroline and Schelling hike extensively in Württemberg (if perhaps not the “entirety,” as Schelling remarks)

ca. 18 August 1803 Caroline ill with a fever in Murrhardt

after 18 August 1803 Therese and Ludwig Ferdinand Huber spend 3 days in Murrhardt visiting the Schelling family

28 August 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart Murrhardt for Munich, by way of Stuttgart

30–31 August 1803 Caroline and Schelling in Heidelberg (perhaps longer)

1(?)–3 September 1803 Caroline and Schelling in Stuttgart

before 3 September 1803, meeting between Therese Huber, Schelling, Caroline, and Meta Liebeskind in Stuttgart

3 September 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart for Tübingen

5 September 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart for Munich by way of Ulm and Augsburg

7 September 1803 evening Caroline and Schelling arrive in Munich

8 September 1803 Schelling meets with Georg Friedrich von Zentner concerning a position in Würzburg

9 September 1803 Caroline attends the theater in Munich, hears the singer Josephine Cannabich

14 September 1803 Schelling dines with Georg Friedrich von Zentner and Maximilian von Montgelas in Munich and learns of his appointment in Würzburg

24 September 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart Munich

29 September 1803 Caroline and Schelling arrive in Bamberg by way of Landshut, where they pick up Andreas Röschlaub

30 September 1803 Schelling receives his formal appointment to a professorship in Würzburg with a salary of 1200 Gulden, 300 Gulden travel costs, and free housing

10 October 1803 Caroline and Schelling arrive back in Murrhardt by way of Landshut, Regensburg, Bamberg, Würzburg

31 October 1803 Caroline and Schelling depart for Würzburg

early November 1803 upon arriving in Würzburg, Schelling and Caroline find that their apartment has not yet been vacated and prepared, there still being some question about whether the entire university might yet be moved to Bamberg, so they reside in an inn

early- to mid-November 1803 Schelling summoned to Bamberg twice for consultations with Count Friedrich Karl von Thürheim concerning the reorganization of the university in Würzburg; on one of those trips, he spends two days and is accompanied by Friedrich Wilhelm von Hoven, and the decision to keep the university in Würzburg has been made before their arrival

November 1803 Caroline and Schelling move into their apartment in the university complex; Henriette von Hoven arrives with her children at the end of November to join her husband in their apartment in the seminary’s main building, adjacent to the university, the Paulus family a few days later

22 November 1803 Georg Friedrich von Zentner gently warns Schelling against engaging in scholarly polemics in Würzburg

1804 back to top

1 January 1804 Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung debuts

late January, early February 1804 Caroline seriously ill, “the good sense of my family and friends alone — and my own — kept me from coming down with a serious nervous fever”

March 1804 Caroline receives Auguste’s bust from Friedrich Tieck

late February 1804 Caroline calls on Henriette von Hoven in Würzburg, whom she finds not at home; the two cease social contact

6 April 1804 Dorothea Veit converts to Christianity, weds Friedrich Schlegel in Paris

April 1804 Friedrich and Dorothea move from Paris to Cologne

Night of 18–19 April 1804 Wilhelm Schlegel leaves Berlin with Madam de Staël

22 April 1804 Count Karl Friedrich von Thürheim sends Schelling his first official rebuke

2 May 1804 Wilhelm Schlegel leaves Weimar with Madam de Staël

8 May 1804 Wilhelm Schlegel arrives in Würzburg with Madam de Staël

8/9 May 1804 11 pm till 1 am Wilhelm visits Schelling and Caroline in their apartment in Würzburg

9 May 1804 before 8 am Wilhelm visits Caroline in her apartment in Würzburg before his departure

ca. 23 June 1804 Meta Liebeskind, née Forkel, arrives for a visit with the Schellings

ca. 24 June 1804 Hölderlin, accompanied by Isaak von Sinclair, visits Schelling and Caroline in Würzburg; last meeting between Schelling and Hölderlin

final week of June 1804 Schelling and Caroline accompany his sister, Beate Schelling, back to Murrhardt from Würzburg, where she has been living with Caroline and Schelling since early November 1803; on their return trip, Carolina and Schelling pass through Jagstburg and Mergentheim, in the latter of which three Würzburg acquaintances have traveled down from Würzburg to meet them for the afternoon meal; they arrive back in Würzburg the next afternoon

June–July 1804 Caroline and Schelling attend theater performances presumably in Randersacker, southeast of Würzburg, accompanied by Meta Liebeskind

Monday, 23 July 1804 Caroline and Schelling visit the family of Karl Kaspar Siebold in Würzburg

July 1804 Caroline and Schelling take excursions to Zell, Veitshöchheim, and the Aumühle in the area around Würzburg

July 1804 Caroline, Schelling, and several friends walk to the Dürrbach Vally behind the Steinwein vineyard north of Würzburg for an evening, returning then to Würzburg by moonlight.

3 August 1804 Caroline and Schelling attend the opening of the new theater in Würzburg

Sunday, 5 August 1804 Meta Liebeskind departs Würzburg after what was apparently a six-week visit with Caroline

week of 6 August 1804 a “two-week illness” prompts Schelling and Caroline to cancel plans to visit Carl Joseph and Anna Marie Windischmann in Aschaffenburg

ca. week of 6 August 1804 Caroline receives a visit from Johann Diederich Gries in Würzburg, who had just spent six weeks in the mineral-springs spa Bad Liebenstein

Wednesday, 8 August 1804 Adalbert Friedrich and Maria Juliana Marcus, along with two daughters (?) from the family of Stephan Christian Stengel arrive in Würzburg, attend the theater, where they meet Caroline and Schelling

Thursday evening, 9 August 1804 Adalbert Friedrich Marcus and his wife and companions dine with Caroline and Schelling; they depart on Friday, 10 August 1804

ca. August 1804 Ludwig Tieck’s play Kaiser Octavianus (Jena 1804) is read aloud at Caroline’s home, presumably at an evening gathering

(early?) September 1804 Caroline receives another visit from Johann Diederich Gries in Würzburg on his way from Heidelberg back to Jena

4 September 1804 Caroline and Schelling depart for Bamberg

Late October 1804 Caroline and Schelling return to Würzburg

7 November 1804 Count Karl Friedrich von Thürheim sends Schelling his second official rebuke

mid-December 1804 Hegel suggests in a letter to Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer that Schelling may be angling for a position at the university in Erlangen

20 December 1804 Schelling offers to provide reviews from an anonymous hand (Caroline) for the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung under the rubric of belles-lettres to Heinrich Karl Abraham Eichstädt, editor-in-chief

24 December 1804 Ludwig Ferdinand Huber dies in Ulm

1805 back to top

ca. 1 January 1805 Madam Sturz, wife of Karl Joseph Sturz, territorial administrator in Würzburg, pays a visit to Caroline

27 January 1805 Caroline gives a grand fête for Schelling’s 30th birthday; Caroline retires sometime after 2 a.m., though some guests stay until the tolling of the town’s bells at dawn, when Schelling himself finally goes to bed

28 January 1805 Caroline and Schelling visit Madam Sturz, wife of Karl Joseph Sturz, territorial administrator in Würzburg

18 March 1805 Caroline’s reviews of the travestied Nathan der Weise and a volume of poems by Wilhelm Calezki appear in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

16 April 1805 Caroline’s former romantic interest Georg Ernst Tatter dies in Petersburg

6 May 1805 Caroline’s review of C. A. von Chamisso and K. A. Varnhagen’s Musenalmanach auf das Jahr 1805 appears in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

28 June 1805 Caroline’s review of Samuel Bürde, Poetische Schriften appears in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

early August 1805 Prince Paul of Württemberg in Würzburg, visits the Schellings, Pauluses, and von Hovens

August 1805 Caroline and Schelling considering ways to resume their journey to Italy that was disrupted by war during the summer of 1803

26 August 1805 orders given for the French Grande armée to march from the Channel coast to Germany and cross the Rhine River

10 September 1805 Austrian army crosses the border into Bavaria and threatens Munich

12 September 1805 Prince Elector Maximiian of Bavaria arrives in Würzburg from Munich after Austrian troops’ incursion into Bavaria; his court and retinue occupy several buildings and residences in Würzburg, including the Borgias Building where the Pauluses and von Hovens live, but not the Schellings’ apartment in the Old University building

late September 1805 Schelling speaks with Georg Friedrich von Zentner in Würzburg about his, Schelling’s, status at the university and prospects for the future, i.e., well before it was determined that Würzburg would pass to Tuscany as a result of the Treaty of Pressburg in late December 1805; i.e., Schelling seems to have been well aware of the precariousness of his position and was discussing with Zentner the possibility of journeying to Italy and France

7–28 October 1805 Caroline and Schelling have two men residing in Schelling’s auditorium (one story beneath their living quarters)

29 October 1805 Prince Elector Maximiian of Bavaria and his entourage arrive back in Munich

1806 back to top

1 January 1806 Würzburg passes from Bavaria to Tuscany as a result of the Treaty of Pressburg on 26 December 1805, jeopardizing the status of all Protestant professors in Würzburg

mid-January 1806 at latest, Caroline and Schelling are certain they will be leaving Würzburg

19 January 1806 Schelling writes Friedrich von Zentner in Munich proposing a position that would enable him to spend several years in Italy and France (Rome and Paris) as a kind of cultural or scholarly representative of the Bavarian government

11 February 1806 Caroline and Schelling’s reviews of eleven novels appear in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

19 February 1806 Caroline’s review of the Bibliothek der Robinsone and the Bibliothek des Romantisch-Wunderbaren appears in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

6 March 1806 Schelling refuses to take the oath of allegiance to the new territorial lord of Würzburg, the Grand Duke of Tuscany

24 March 1806 Würzburg students bring Schelling an ovation

7 April 1806 Schelling’s review of August von Kotzebue, Kleine Romane, Erzählungen, Anekdoten und Miscellen, vol. 1, appears in the Jenaische allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

18 April 1806 Schelling departs Würzburg for Munich; Caroline comes down with a cold

18 (or 19?) April 1806 Caroline visits the ailing Karl Joseph Sturz in Würzburg, finding that “the appearance of his room and surroundings is so dreadful that even his acquaintances go there only for God’s own sake”

ca. 18–25 April 1806 Caroline receiving visits from Martin Köhler (“with gentle assiduousness and always at the appropriate times”), Georg Michael Klein (“several times each day”), Johann Baptist Spix (“so that you can see I have not forgotten you”), and Michael Behr (“at just the moment when things were supposed to become Bavarian again and he himself firmly believed it to be so”)

19 April 1806 Schelling stays overnight in Ansbach, visits the family of Meta and Johann Heinrich Liebeskind

20 April 1806 Sunday Schelling departs Ansbach at 4 a.m.; spends the night in Eichstädt; Caroline has a “violent headache day”

21 April 1806 Schelling arrives in Munich

22 April 1806 Caroline encounters Prince Maxiilian von Thurn und Taxis greeting the citizen cavalry at the Rennweg Gate in Würzburg in preparation for the arrival of the new prince elector

1 May 1806 at 2 p.m. Caroline is escorted to the apartment of a certain Herr Schott, where she has been offered a seat at the window alongside his wife to view the entry of the Archduke of Tuscany into Würzburg as new electoral prince; Martin Köhler is also present in the apartment, and she does indeed get a glimpse of the archduke

4 May (?) 1806 Caroline has coffee in the Würzburg Royal Gardens with Johann Jakob and Jeanette Wagner to observe the arrival of the three children of Ferdinand III

4 May 1806 between 11:00 a.m. and noon, Caroline observes Prince Elector Ferdinand and his children as he reviews the parade of the uniformed Würzburg citizenry on Residence Square from the Residence balcony

4 May 1806, 9:00 p.m. Caroline, Martin Köhler, a certain Herr Schott, and the latter’s wife are in one of the 90 carriages trailing behind the new prince elector, Ferdinand, on a circuitous tour of Würzburg streets to view the myriad illuminations in the latter’s honor; at 10:00 “a slight gust of wind and a gentle spring rain quickly extinguished all the carefully but poorly prepared fun”; Caroline, at about the same time, has her companions let her out when the processional reaches her gate (presumably the gate leading into the Old University and its courtyard, where her apartment is located), and returns home

6 May 1806 Caroline attends the theater in Würzburg on Ferdinand III’s birthday to see the performance of August von Kotzebue’s Fanchon, das Leyermädchen. Vaudeville in drey Acten, von Bouilly; Joachim von Schwarzkopf accompanies her to the theater, where she sits with a certain Montjoye from Bamberg and Vechenbach (Fechenbach) from Würzburg; she jokes that Martin Köhler acted as her Cicisbeo

8 May 1806 just at twilight Caroline receives an unexpected visit from Johann Diederich Gries from Jena; he stays for tea; he is on his way from Jena to Heidelberg, where he is relocating

9 May 1806 H. E. G. Paulus, on his way to the library (located on the ground floor beneath the Schellings’ apartment) visits Caroline, pays her what she describes as an honnête compliment (the Schellings were otherwise not on particularly good terms with the Pauluses)

12 May 1806 Franz Lothar Sorg, professor of experimental physics, stops by to ask Caroline for a quill; Würzburg coachmen meet with Caroline to discuss their fees for transporting her to Munich

14 May 1806 Caroline places an announcement in the Würzburger Intelligenzblatt publicizing her auction on Friday 20 May 1806; the same issue contains an announcement concerning an individual traveling alone to Munich who is seeking a traveling companion; the contact is the wife of a certain artillery captain Franz Roppelt on Zellergasse (across the Main River), who will reappear in the Intelligenzblatt the day after Caroline departs Würzburg; see below for 21 May

15 May 1806 Minister Anton von Wolkenstein, Johann Hennebritt, and Johann Michael Seuffert stop by Caroline’s apartment in Würzburg in preparation for her auction the following day

Friday, 16 May 1806, and Saturday, 17 May 1806, 10:00 a.m. till noon and 3:00 till 6:00 p.m., Caroline holds a quite successful (ca. 1100 fl.) auction of home furnishings and household items in Würzburg; Peter Himmelstein functions as auctioneer; the prince elector Ferdinand III of Tuscany, as Caroline reports, “got my tea table for 20 fl.

Tuesday, 20 May 1806 Caroline departs Würzburg for Munich

Wednesday, 21 May 1806 Artillery Captain Franz Roppelt (or his wife) announces in the Würzburg Intelligenzblatt the private sale of various household items and furnishings that seem to have been left over from Caroline’s auction

Saturday, 24 May 1806 Caroline arrives in Dachau, where Schelling meets her

Sunday (Pentecost), 25 May 1806 Caroline arrives in Munich

Late May, early June Caroline and Schelling move into an apartment in the south Rondell of the new (1802) edifice at the Karlsthor (Karl/Charles Gate) in Munich, building no. 7, third floor; Schelling is receiving a salary of 1500 fl.

13 July 1806 or thereafter, Caroline and presumably Schelling attend one of four performances of Cimarosa’s opera Gli Orazi e i Curiazi, opera in three acts, with Antonio Brizzi, Teresa Bertinotti, and Auguste Schmalz

by 28 June 1806 Schelling has visited Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi in Munich several times and, presumably with Caroline, dined with Jacobi twice; Jacobi complains that Caroline “quite gets in his way.”

by the first week in August 1806 Schelling receives word that he will receive an official appointment to the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, which will enable him to live essentially as an independent scholar in Munich

14, 17 October 1806 Battles of Jena, Auerstedt, and Halle; Caroline and Schelling assiduously follow newspapers reports of military and geopolitical developments, Schelling especially in the reading rooms of the “Museum” reading society in Munich

29 November 1806 Schelling visits Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi in Munich for the “first time in weeks,” the latter having suffered from “head gout”

1807 back to top

January 1807 Caroline remarks that “those with whom I have social contact is quite small, nor do we ourselves wish it otherwise,” but that she does see a great deal of the niece and sister of Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati; she also socializes with the sisters Charlotte Wiebeking, née Rousseau, and Auguste (Dorette) Schlichtegroll, née Rousseau, and their husbands, Georg Heinrich Wiebeking and Adolf Heinrich Friedrich Schlichtegroll; the sisters were granddaughters of “Mother Schläger” from Caroline’s Gotha period

Schelling and Caroline take an interest in the alleged powers of the Italian Francesco Campetti to divine metals and water; Schelling’s (and presumably Caroline’s) probable visits to demonstrations of Johann Wilhelm Ritter’s experiments with Francesco Amoretti in Munich are enumerated below (according to the letters of Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi)

27 January 1807 Caroline, suffering from a “lethal headache,” remains home rather than go with Schelling to celebrate his thirty-second birthday at a ball in Munich

late January 1807 Caroline encounters Caroline and Antoinette Hanstein in a Munich shop for fashion accessories, whose family she had known in Marburg

30 January 1807 Schelling and Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi attends experiments with Francesco Campetti

23 May 1807 Caroline’s review of Wilhelm Neumann and Karl August Varnhagen, Erzählungen und Spiele and Wilhelm Elogius Meyer, Eros appears in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

13 June 1807 Schelling (and presumably Caroline) at Ritter’s apartment with Francesco Campetti at the Karls Gate 3

17 June 1807 Schelling (and presumably Caroline) at Ritter’s apartment with Francesco Campetti; Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi does not attend

30 June 1807 Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi seems to have attended an experiment at Ritter’s apartment without Schelling

before July 1807 Caroline suffers from a lengthy, “stubborn throat inflammation”

summer 1807 Caroline and Schelling seeing Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer and his wife, Rosine, more often socially than earlier in Würzburg

4 July 1807 Schelling and presumably Caroline dine for the first time with Count Louis-Guillaume Otto of Mosly, French envoy to the court in Munich; Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi had introduced them

ca. mid-July 1807 Beate Gross’s (née Schelling) son, Friedrich, dies in Gaisburg (Stuttgart) (Schelling’s nephew)

August 1807 Carl Friedrich von Rumohr in Munich, visits Caroline and Schelling, visits the art galleries with both of them

August 1807 Schelling tries to get Henrik Steffens an appointment in Munich (ultimately unsuccessfully)

August 1807 Schelling (and presumably Caroline) at Ritter’s apartment with Francesco Campetti with an otherwise unidentified “apparatus” secured by Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

second half of August 1807 Schelling dines with the Gotha cellist Johann Konrad Schlick and the latter’s daughter, Caroline, at the home of Heymann Pappenheim in Munich

from 17 September Caroline and Schelling receive visits from Sophie Bernhardi, who spends a week in Munich on her way from Rome and Florence to Prague; Sophie, who was running out of money, was awaiting financial assistance from Wilhelm Schlegel, who had it forwarded by Karl von Hardenberg, Friedrich von Hardenberg’s (Novalis) brother

Monday evening, 12 October 1807 Schelling delivers the keynote address at the public assembly of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities on the name-day of King Max Joseph of Bavaria, “On the Relation of the Plastic Arts to Nature”; Caroline, as a woman, listens from a concealed gallery

11 November (or December) 1807 Auguste (Dorette) Schlichtegroll gives a “grand tea” in Munich; almost all the guests, however, including Caroline and Schelling, are “non-Bavarians,” as Caroline reports

4 December Wilhelm Schlegel leaves Coppet with Madam de Staël for Vienna by way of Lausanne, Bern, Zürich, Schaffhausen, Ulm, Augsburg, and Munich

15–21 December Wilhelm Schlegel with Madame de Staël in Munich on their way to Vienna, where they arrive on 28 December 1807

evening of Wednesday, 16 December 1807 Schelling and Caroline dine with Madame de Staël in Munich

Sunday, 20 December 1807 Schelling and Johann Wilhelm Ritter arrange a déjeuner physique for Madame de Staël in Munich, likely a presentation of the experiments with Francesco Campetti or some variation thereof; Caroline presumably attends

late 1807 Meta and Johann Heinrich Liebeskind move to Munich with their four sons; Meta (at the time: Forkel) had been Caroline’s housemate in Mainz

December 1807 Caroline and Schelling vacate their apartment at Karlsthor 7 and move into the apartment of the Munich banker H. S. Pappenheimer (till April 1808); location unknown

1808 back to top

5 February 1808 Caroline’s mother dies in Kiel; “I seized on it as an occasion — or so it seems even to me — to cry myself completely out”

February 1808 Konradine Luise Hufeland (Luise Wiedemann’s sister-in-law) in Munich for 2 weeks with her children; meets Caroline several times socially with Rosine Niethammer

21 March 1808 Caroline receives Johann Wilhelm Ritter at their apartment at noon, then parries his attempts to meet with Schelling to request a 5-day loan

early April 1808 Carl Friedrich von Rumohr arrives in Munich

11, 12, 13 April 1808 Schelling and presumably Caroline attend lectures by the newly arrived (16 March 1808) French “aeronaut” André-Jacques Garnerin on hot-air/hydrogen balloon physics and ascents; the lectures are held in the redoute hall used by the Museum Reading Society of which Schelling is a member

16 April 1808 Friedrich and Dorothea Schlegel convert to Catholicism in Cologne

(late?) April 1808 Caroline and Schelling vacate the apartment of the Munich banker H. S. Pappenheimer and move into a summer apartment at Hinter der Galerie 63 ¾ (Behind the [Art] Gallery) “in the house of the court confectioner Dieterich”; location unknown

13 May 1808 Schelling appointed general secretary of the Academy of Fine Arts

27 May 1808 Schelling receives civilian service award bestowing personal (non-hereditary) nobility (with von)

June 1808 the purported Italian diviner of metals and water Francesco Amoretti returns to Italy

10 June 1808 Caroline and Schelling observe the hydrogen-balloon ascent of the French “aeronaut” André-Jacques Garnerin over Munich, during which he also dropped a cat to the ground in a parachute

August 1808 Caroline, Schelling, and two acquaintances take a “charming trip up to the Bavarian mountains and lakes”

September 1808 Bettina Brentano arrives in Munich (till mid-1810)

September 1808 Caroline already familiar with the apartment into which she and Schelling are about to move at Im Rosenthal 144; the exact date of their move is unknown; it is the last apartment in which Caroline will live

13 October 1808 Ludwig Tieck leaves Vienna with Sophie Bernhardi

19 October 1808 Ludwig Tieck and Sophie Bernhardi arrive in Munich

November 1808 Caroline and Schelling attend several gatherings at which Ludwig Tieck reads dramatic pieces aloud

5 November 1808 Caroline visits Ludwig Tieck and Sophie Bernhardi; Bettina Brentano arrives as well, and Caroline invites her to visit her that evening; Bettina declines

mid- to late November 1808 the family of Georg Heinrich Karl Wiebeking invites the Schellings to a grand tea party after Wiebeking’s return from north Germany and his pilot work on the feasibility of a canal connecting the Weser and Elbe Rivers; Caroline gives them a party in return at which Ludwig Tieck performs readings

late 1808 Carl Friedrich von Rumohr returns to Munich

1809 back to top

13 February 1809 Schelling’s reviews of August von Kotzebue, Kleine Romane, Erzählungen, Anekdoten und Miscellen, vols. 2–4, and A. E. [Christian August Gottlob] Eberhard, <>cite>Gesammelte Erzählungen, vol. 3, appear in the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung

10 April 1809 Austrian army under Archduke Karl crosses the Bavarian frontier; Karl is to march to the Isar in the direction of Landshut, General Bellegarde to Regensburg, and General Jellachich to Munich

ca. 16 April 1809 Friedrich Tieck arrives in Munich, seems to have begun working on Schelling’s bust (in plaster) on 25 April 1809

ca. 27 May 1809 Friedrich Tieck finishes Schelling’s bust

26 June 1809 Schelling comes down sick, initially with catarrhal fever, then a nagging cough, and cannot not leave the room

7 August 1809 Schelling still sick

7 August 1809 Caroline alerts Pauline Gotter of Friedrich Jacobs’s upcoming visit to Gotha, whom Caroline has charged with “bringing you back with him. He knows how serious I am about it and will do everything he can to make it happen.”

17 August 1809 Caroline and Schelling attend a social evening at the home of Friedrich Immanuel and Eleonore Rosine Niethammer in Munich; Schelling experiences renewed breast tightness, so they leave earlier than Caroline would have liked; it is at this gathering that she makes ominous remarks about yearning to get away from Munich and about perhaps never returning

18 August 1809 Caroline and Schelling depart Munich for Maulbronn, where Schelling has written to a friend that they intend to spend “several months be leading a completely solitary life in the Maulbronn monastery,” whereas Caroline has written that they would be back in Munich by the end of September

August 1809 Caroline and Schelling in Ulm, where they climb to the top of the cathedral

Before 28 August 1809 Caroline and Schelling arrive in Maulbronn

1–3 September Caroline, Schelling, his brother Karl, and others take a 3-day excursion in the surrounding area, possibly to Schelling’s birthplace Leonberg

2 September 1809 Regine Justine Pauly dies in Maulbron from the epidemic of dysentery (or typhus) and nervous fever

3 September 1809 Caroline falls ill in Maulbronn with the “first attacks” and several quickly successive; bowel evacuations several hours after returning from the excursion; late that same evening she is “beset by pain and fever”

4 September 1809 early in the morning, Caroline tells Schelling, “I can feel the destruction advancing so quickly that I believe this time I might — die!”

4, 5, 6 September 1809 Schelling summons the Maulbronn physician and sends an express rider to Stuttgart to fetch his brother, Karl Schelling, a respected physician in his own right; Caroline suffers the worst of the illness. “It was for only about a day that she bore with the most noble steadfastness and genuine grandeur of spirit the enormous suffering associated with this illness. Her final days were quiet; she had no sense either of the power of the illness itself or of the approach of death.” (Schelling to Luise Gotter)

6 September 1809 “During the final evening, she felt light and cheerful; all the beauty of her loving soul opened up one final time. The perpetually beautiful lilt of her speech turned into music. Her spirit already seemed as it were to be free of her body, hovering over it as if over the husk that it would soon be leaving forever.” (Schelling to Luise Gotter)

Thursday, 7 September 1809, 3:00 a.m. Caroline dies in Maulbronn, “gently, without struggle. Nor did her grace abandon her even in death, for when she was dead, she lay there with her head turned in the most charming, peaceful fashion, an expression of serene and magnificent peace on her face.” (Schelling to Luise Gotter)

Saturday, 9 September 1809, 4:00 p.m. Caroline buried in Maulbronn, “behind the church, close to the rear wall.”

13 September 1809 news of Caroline’s death reaches Munich, where “everyone who knew her was deeply moved and upset”

20 September 1809 Schelling leaves Maulbronn with his sister, Beate, and brother, Karl, spends several weeks in Stuttgart.

22 September 1809 news of Caroline’s death reaches the Gotter family in Gotha

10 October 1809 Schelling visits Caroline’s grave in Maulbronn before returning to Munich alone

7 November Johann Martin Wagner arrives in Munich and moves in with Schelling at Im Rosenthal 144 at Schelling’s request

Autumn 1809/winter 1810 Meta Liebeskind helps Schelling close up his Munich household

1810 back to top

16 January 1810 Johann Martin Wagner departs Munich

20 January 1810 Schelling returns to Stuttgart after falling ill in Munich

April/May 1810 Schelling in Maulbronn from Stuttgart, possibly working on the dialogue “Clara”

August 1810 Schelling visits Maulbronn from Stuttgart

8 September 1810 Beate Gross’s (née Schelling) son (Schelling’s nephew) dies and is buried in Maulbronn

October 1810 Schelling returns to Munich

early October 1810 Schelling moves out of his and Caroline’s last apartment at Im Rosenthal 144 and into an apartment “to the left of the Karl Gate, right on the corner, facing the mountains, with a magnificent view, and sun the entire day.” It was, he maintains, the apartment Caroline had always wanted but which while she was still alive never became vacant

1811 back to top

August 1811 Philipp Michaelis dies

1812 back to top

11 June 1812 Schelling marries Pauline Gotter in Gotha

5 October 1812 Joseph Friedrich Schelling, Schelling’s father, dies and is buried in Maulbronn

© 2011 Doug Stott